Aitchison's of St Pancras
had established a cabinet making business
and in 1824 the Aitchison family moved into 5
Hertford Street, near
Fitzroy Square St Pancras.
George and Margaret had seven children in total. Their next son, named
George Aitchison was born in 1824.Their next daughter named Ann Aitchison
was born in 1827, and finally Jessie Aitchison was born in 1830. Most
of the family are listed on the 1841
census at 5 Hertford Street St Pancras. Its interesting to note that this
address became 5
Princes Street about 1850 when the road was renamed.
Princes Street was renamed again around 1868 and became Whitfield Street
its current name. One of the daughters missing on the 1841 census is Christiana
Aitchison who at the time was employed in domestic service
in nearby Gordon Square. Her employer was the Lord of the Manor of Shillington
in Bedfordshire, and this was his London house. His name was George Musgrave
Esq and this family will later feature in this story.
Christiana Aitchison (eldest daughter of George and Margaret) had married
on the first of February 1843 Thomas Musgrove (an artist colourman) in
Chelsea.Thomas Musgrove was the son of a gentleman of means also
named Thomas Musgrove. He was then living in Sidney Terrace Marlborough
Road Chelsea (now named Draycott Avenue). Christiana was living nearby
in Sloane Street and pregnant with Thomas's child. Their daughter Christiana
was born the fifth of April 1843. The couple then moved back to the Aitchison
family home and she was baptised
in St Pancras on the fifth November 1843.
In reality Christiana was the daughter of Thomas Musgrave Musgrave of Gordon Square London who had married Christiana Aitchison
under the pseudonym of Thomas Musgrove. The full story is revealed in The Source of George Musgroves Wealth which details how Christiana became the sole beneficiary of Thomas Musgrave Musgrave's estate.
Elizabeth Musgrove nee Aitchison
Our research has shown George
John Aitchison Musgrove was born in 1845 but not under
this name. He was born George Musgrove and was the son of
John and Elizabeth Musgrove. His mother was Elizabeth Aitchison who we believe married John Musgrove although we can find no trace of this event happening.
At some time after 1845 Elizabeth's husband John Musgrove died and she remarried in April 1851 Joseph Atkins in York.
Elizabeth Musgrove nee Aitchison married widower Joseph Atkins 19th April 1851 in York. They then moved to the Yorkshire village of Bishop Monkton where Elizabeth and Joseph settled to raise a family of three children. Elizabeth's first born son George John Aitchison Musgrove remained living in St Pancras London with his grandparents. He was not to become a part of his mothers new family.
......................................1850's George and John Aitchison
Aitchison's sons George and John had worked together as pianoforte makers.
By 1847 George was living at Harris Place Oxford Street when he married
Ellen Denny in October. George and Ellen's first daughter Ann
Margeret Aitchison was born in May 1848. They were
now living at 6 Pitt Street St Pancras within a few hundred yards of the
Aitchison home in Princes Street. George and Ellen's next child George
Aitchison was born in October 1849. Their son George
unfortunately died within three days of birth. The
family were now living at 7 Charles Street St Pancras.The family appeared
to now move to St Martins Street near Leicester Square. Their son George
was buried at St Martins
in the Field on November 3rd 1849. George and Ellen's next
Christiana Aitchison was born in January 1852.The
family had now moved to 4 Gresse Street off Rathbone Place. Their last
child Mary Ann Aitchison
was born in 1854. The family were now living at Clarence Gardens St Pancras.
George Aitchison died
suddenly aged 31 in 1856 after contracting Typhoid. By 1861 his widow
Ellen was living at 15
Warren Street St Pancras, which was on the
corner of Princes Street and a short distance from the Aitchisons.
John Aitchison married
Ellen Isaacs in 1850. She was recently widowed when her husband Isaac
Isaacs died in 1849. He had established an Undertakers in nearby Henry
Street St Pancras. John Aitchison took over the Isaac's business and move
into 43 Henry Street with wife Ellen and her three children. John expanded
the business with a second property at Cook's
Terrace, Old St Pancras
Road, which was in use by 1855. John died in 1863 and the business was
ran by his wife Ellen until June 1867 when the business went bankrupt. Her Undertaker business had also operated from 5 Princes Street after moving from Henry Street.
1849 Thomas and Christiana Musgrove's second daughter Elizabeth was born
in The Queen Charlotte Laying-in Hospital in Euston Road. She was baptised
in 1850 at St Pancras but sadly died
within seven months, and was buried
at the Old St Pancras Church Cemetery. The family had moved to nearby
Tonbridge Street but after Elizabeth's death we cannot trace any further
details of Thomas Musgrove. Christiana and her daughter Christiana moved
back to her parent's (George and Margarett Aitchison) home in Princes
Street St Pancras.
Christiana Musgrove dies
On the 1851 census for
Princes Street which was taken on the night of Sunday 30th of March, we
find George and Margaret Aitchison and their married daughter Christiana
Musgrove with her daughter Christiana but no sign of her husband Thomas
Musgrove. Also in the household is the six year old George Musgrove, son of Elizabeth Musgrove nee Aitchison who
was now liviing with them.
The six year old George Musgrove was baptised
in September 1851 at St Pancras Old Church. The Baptism Certificate shows that George's parents were John and Elizabeth
Musgrove, the father being shown as deceased, having had an occupation
as a Broker.
His mother Elizabeth had married Joseph Atkins in April 1851 and was now living in Bishop Monkton near Ripon Yorkshire.
Musgrove died of consumption (TB) aged just 35 in
June 1851. We have checked the cemetery burial registers for St Pancras
but no trace can be found of Christiana's grave. This may suggest that
her husband Thomas Musgrove decided to have her buried elsewhere. In reality
the old cemeteery at St Pancras was now full and Burials were being made
in adjacent parishes. Christiana Musgrove was Buried 8 days after her
death at St Martins in the Fields Cemetery. We leave George Musgrove aged
six living for the next few years with his grandparents George and Margaret
Aitchison and his eight year old cousin Christiana Musgrove at Princes
Street St Pancras.
Another family who would be very influencial in our George's early years
were the Cole family who
by 1841 were living in Loxton Place off Munster Square St Pancras. In
1856 another of Geoge Aitchison's children, Jessie married
Henry Cole at the parish church at St Pancras they then also lived in
5 Princes Street with our George and his grandparents. 26 days earlier
Aitchison had died of Bronchitis at 64. Georges uncle
Henry Cole played an important part in Georges early life.
The various addresses of both the Aitchison and Cole families are shown
on this St Pancras map of
We now move on to the 1861 census.
This shows our George livng at 36a Charlotte Street Marylebone with his
uncle Henry Cole and aunt Jessie. They appeared to have lived here for
only a short while. George Musgrove is now 18 years old and works as a
railway porter. Note his uncle Henry is a railway clerk. Henry and Jessie's
first child, Harry John George Cole
was born on Friday 18th of September 1863 at 36a Charlotte Street. He
was not Baptised until the first of January 1865 (15 months after his
birth) the family were now living at 7
Southampton Street Fitzroy Square. In nearby Princes Street
George Aitchison was the head of the family on the 1861
census also living there was his grandaughter Cristiana Musgrove
who was now 18
..........1867 Birth Christiana Jessie Aitchison / Musgrove
An important event that was to effect George Musgrove's future was the
death of his grandfather George Aitchison who died
in 1864 aged 81 at Princes Street. After his death his daughter Margaret
remained at Princes Street and was joined by the Cole family and George
Musgrove ( who had been living with the Cole family from at least 1861)
also in the household was the young Christiana. Once again he was sharing
a house with his cousin now aged 21. In 1867 Christiana
was born on the eleventh October.
To cover the embarrassment of Christiana being illegitimate the parents
names on the birth certificates were slightly disguised. George used the
surname of Aitchison and Christiana showed her name as Aitchison formerly
1868 was to be the last year the remaining members of the family were
to live at 5 Princes Street Fitzroy Square, which had now become 102 Whitfield
street the previous year. The family had lived here for over 40 years
when George Aitchison the Cabinet Maker had moved to the area in the 1820's.
The household in 1868 consisted of Henry and Jessie Cole and their sons
Harry and Walter
Edmund Cole who was born in June. There was also Margaret
Aitchison (Jessie's sister), George Musgrove with his cousin Christiana,
and their daughter Christiana plus Ellen Aitchison the widow of John Aitchison who had moved her Undertakers business from Henry Street.
- George and Christiana Marry
George and Christiana were to marry
in June 1869. The marriage was witnessed by George's uncle Henry Cole and Elizabeth Atkins who was of course George's mother.
Christiana's father is given as Thomas Musgrove colourman. George's father
is shown as just "Dead". George is still employed as a railway
porter. Note the cross described as his mark on the certificate where
his signature would have normally been. He was obviously illiterate at
this time. The marriage certificate shows no address other than St Pancras
so we assume they were still living in Whitfield Street.
November - Christiana Musgrove Baptised
By November 1869 the Musgrove's had moved from St Pancras and were now
living between Vauxhall and Lambeth at 33 Glyn Street off Upper Kennington
Lane. Their daughter Christiana
Jessie Musgrove was Baptised at the Church of St Mary
the Less in Princes Road Lambeth on the Wednesday 3rd of November 1869.
1871 was very important year for George Musgrove. We first find him on
the census taken on Sunday
on the second of April 1871 living with his wife Christiana and their
three year old daughter Christiana at 116 Upper Kennington Lane Lambeth.
The property is shown in an October 1870 rate book as being occupied by
an Augustus Hawkins. George is next mentioned on the rate book dated the
eigth of April 1871 but it appears from the note in the margin that he
has 'gone'. At the same time George's uncle Henry Cole and family had
also moved into the Kennington Lane area
and was living at 12 Shepherds Place off Upper Kennington Lane with a
family named Conolly. The rate book for Oct 1870 shows the Harris family
having just moved in to number 17 Shepherds Place and would have been
close neighbours of the Cole family. From this time the fortunes of the
Musgrove and Harris family closely entwined.
Harris's and Woodcock's of Lambeth
The Harris family comprised of James
Banfield Moore Harris born 18th Dec 1820 in Bath Somerset.He
was christened 14th Jan 1821 at St George the Martyr Southwark. He married
Sophia Elizabeth Woodcock in 1846. She had been baptised
in 1827 at St Mary's Lambeth with her brother Mark Henry Woodcock. They
were two of five children known to have been born to Matthew Woodcock
and his wife Sophia. Matthew had married Sophia Ann Whitehall in 1824
at St George the Martyr in Southwark. Their Known children John, Sophia,
Mark, James and Charles were born over the next five years. Matthew Woodcock
is believed to have died before 1835 as his wife Sophia remarried Benjamin
Hill on 7th July 1835 at St Bride Fleet Street London. Benjamin and Sophia
had three children before Benjamin died in 1849. Elizabeth Maria Hill
born 1838, Alfred Frederick Hill born 1841 (died 1848), and Fraces Sarsh
Hill born 1844.
In 1849 Sophia Hill nee Woodcock married Lambert Weston in West London.
Lambert had previously been married but his wife Hannah had died in 1845.
When Lambert Weston married Sophia Hill they lived with his children in
Southwark. The 1851
census shows the Weston family living at 34 Wellington
Place Southwark. The census shows Lambert Weston (a blacksmith), his wife
Sophia, and some of the children from his previous marriage. Lastly is
shown James Harris, grandson, aged four. James is the eldest child of
James Banfield Moore Harris and his wife Sophia. Sophia Weston ( nee Woodcock)
was her mother.
James Banfield Moore Harris's parents were William and Elizabeth (Betsy) Harris who were living in 1851 in Lambeth. William was a skilled stonemason and at the end of 1850 was seeking employment in central London. This resulted in him spending many weekends at St Martin in the Fields Workhouse for overnight accommadation. The workhouse records give an interesting account of the Harris family visits at this time. The full story of the Harris family in Lambeth can be accessed here.
The 1851 census also records William's son, James Banfield Moore Harris and
wife at the Workhouse at St Martin in the Fields near Trafalgar Square
London. James is shown as a stone mason, his wife Sophia as copper nail
maker, and her two year old daughter Elizabeth (Betsy Sophia). The family
were living in the Lower Marsh area of Lambeth in 1849 when Betsy was
born. When their next child Emma
Harris was born they were still living in the same
area when she was baptised in September 1851. This would suggest that
Emma was born around the time of the 1851 census in March. This could
be the reason that James & Sophia at this time were at St Martins
Workhouse. Sophia was awaiting the birth of her next child in the Infirmary
whilst her husband worked nearby. Emma Harris was later known in the family
as Emily Sophia and was eventually to marry George Musgrove in 1871.
1856 saw a brief return to the St Martins Workhouse at Trafalgar Square between July and September.
James Banfield Moore Harris and his wife Elizabeth had nine children,
James born 1837, Betsy Sophia born 1849, Emily Sophia born 1851 (married
Goerge Musgrove in 1871), Lambert
William born 1853, Sophia born 1856, Charles born
1858, George born 1860, William born 1863 and Ada born 1866. We have marked
all their known addresses on this really nice 1831
The fortunes of the Harris family had improved during the late 1850's, as by
the time the 1861
Census was taken, the family were now sharing a house
at 40 King Street Lambeth. This is the first official record of the majority
of the members. James is listed still as a Stone Mason, his wife Sophia
a copper nail maker. All the children are shown as scholars.
census in April shows the Harris's living at 17 Shepherds
Place. Henry Cole and his family are shown at number 12 but shortly to
move to number 14. One of the Harris children is missing on this census,
this is Lambert William Harris who at the age of nineteen was working
as an assisstant licensed victuller at The Globe
Public House High Holborn possibly he was living in.
Lambert William Harris was later to marry Alice Bristow in 1879 and live
with George Musgrove and Emily (Lambert's sister) in Benwell Road in the
in 1871 George and his first wife Christiana would probably have
been regular visitors to the Cole family in Shepherds
Place. The Cole family would have introduced
the Musgroves to the Harris family as the wives had a common interest
in dress making. George during this period would have got to know
the Harris family, in particular the young 18 year old Emily.
. ...1871 Christiana
and Christiana only lived in Kennington for a couple of months having
left by April 1871 just after the census was taken. George's occupation is
shown as 'retired railway servant' (aged just 26!!). This indicates
that Both George and Christiana were now living off Christiana's
inheritance. We are uncertain where they moved to at that time but
a tragic event in September was to dramatically change everything.
wife Christiana died on
Monday the eleventh of September 1871 at Lower Holloway
after only 27 months of marriage aged just 28. The circumstances
surrounding this event
are suspicious. The Death Certificate shows that Christiana died
at 85 George's
Road a poor area of Holloway in North London.
Whether the Musgrove family were living there at this time is uncertan.
Remember the census five months earlier had the family living in
a nice house with a servant in Kennington so it is strange that
they moved to a poorer area. The Death Certificate shows George's
occupation has reverted back to being a Railway Porter with no
mention of him being retired. This information would have been
given to the registrar when her death was registered on
the following day Tuesday the twelfth of September. The certificate
also shows that the informant of Christina's death was M Harris
of 58 Carlisle Lane Lambeth. We know from family recollections
that this person was actuallly Emily Harris, daughter of James
Banfield Moore Harris, who had been living with her parents at
17 Shepherds Place Kennington. She is shown at this address on
the April census.
We can find no other documents that mention the
Musgroves living at Georges Road or any mention of Emily Harris
at Carlisle Lane Lambeth. We know that George would have met Emily when
he lived in Kennington and they obviously were having an affair
while Christiana was still alive. George was to marry Emily
Harris within a month of Christiana's death. This poses the obvious
question of whether Christiana died in suspicious circumstances
baring in mind that George, upon her death, became the sole beneficiary
of Christiana's inheritance and trust fund. CLICK HERE For the full story of how this inheritance originated from her true father.Thomas Musgrave Musgrave.
......1870's George Musgrove's Mother and the Atkins Family
At this point we can update the fortunes of George Musgrove"s mother Elizabeth Atkins, and George's half brother and half sister
Charles Joseph Atkins and Mary Ann Margaret Atkins.